The Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China, which we can observe nowadays, is mainly the construction of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). Its height varies from 3 to 8 meters, the height of the tower reaches 12 meters, and the total length is 6300 kilometers. The Great Wall, just like a giant dragon, climbs down the mountain ranges, tops and passes. It has never served as a border, but was rather a bastion against the barbarians wandering on its other side. Badaling, located 80 km from Beijing, is the largest and best preserved area of the wall, which is the most popular place for excursions.
Terracotta Army of Qin Shi Huang
Terracotta Army, discovered by the peasants during the drilling of an artesian well in the village of Lintun in 1974, is considered to be one of the most amazing among all the Wonders of the World. More than 8 thousand clay warriors have been protecting the serenity of the first Emperor of the Qin Shi Huang Dynasty, keeping their secrets for 2200 years.
Each of the soldiers (archaeologists have currently dug out a little more than 1500 sculptures from the ground) has its own unique features and is unlike any other soldier.
Terracotta warriors have taken a form of a battle rectangle and most of the figures are infantrymen. There are bows or crossbows in the hands of terracotta warriors of the main squad and quiver with arrows on the back.
Warriors and horses of the Terracotta Army were made in various parts of China. The Institute of Botany at the Chinese Academy of Sciences made this conclusion by comparing the patterns and areas of spread of the dust from the statues.
The researchers have found out that horses were created in close proximity to the necropolis, probably in order to simplify their transportation (the horse’s sculpture weights about 200 kilograms), the statues of the soldiers are lighter, their weight is about 135 kilograms, and the place of their manufacture is by far unknown.
There are 13 tombs of the emperors of Ming Dynasty located 50 km north of Beijing, also known as Thirteen Graves. Currently, there are two tombs opened for tourists: Changlin and Dinling. Emperor Chenjiu (Jiu Di) was buried in Changlin’s tomb, which is both the most ancient and the largest tomb built here. In addition, there is also the Museum of Wax Figures of the Emperors of Ming (Beijing Shisanling Minhuan Lasyan Gong) near Beijing .
Virtually unknown Chinese pyramids are the historical monuments, which are now fighting time and forces of nature. In 2000, China announced the existence of 400 pyramids in the area of Shanxi Province, located to the north of Xi’an. Since they were smaller than the “Great White Pyramid” (457.2 meters) – for comparison, the original height of the Pyramid of Cheops was 146.3 meters; these ancient monuments were classified by some people as burial mounds. While some of them were really burial grounds, it is believed that the early Chinese pyramids served for way more mysterious purposes.
Shanghai, the largest city in China, has never been an important cultural center but it has special charm and atmosphere, due to which Western merchants in the 20’s called it the “Paris of the East”. Among the distinguishing features of Shanghai there are following: The Jade Buddha Temple is a large Buddhist center, which undoubtedly enchants our sight with two decorated gems and statues of Buddha; Museum of the Mausoleum of the Nanyue King is a real underground palace where more than a thousand items from the royal tombs are exhibited; Shanghai Opera.
There are plenty of interesting things to expect in Taiwan: from sunny beaches, mountain peaks filled with forests and quiet sleeping villages, to temples and monuments – that is the heritage of Chinese and Japanese epochs combined with high-rise urban buildings, which are now expanding even on the outskirts. Add to this dazzling festivals and the local cuisine, which is beyond description.
Hong Kong is the largest port, industrial, financial and foreign trade center, a star-city in the Asia-Pacific region. In this dynamic, prosperous, multinational city, the voices of 6.6 million people drown in a cascade of golden high-rise buildings.
Tibet is a mysterious, almost inaccessible place isolated from the outer world by the highest mountains – the real dream for researchers and adventurers. Among the sightseeing of Tibet there is the Potala Palace, which was, according to the translation, constructed in the VII century and the Jokhang Temple, which was constructed in 647in order to place a sacred Buddha statue in it.
Some other memorable notions are: Mausoleum of Mao (Beijing), forbidden city with the grand imperial Gugong palace that includes 9999 rooms, Gobi desert: Hermin-tsav canyon, Luoyang – a city on the north bank of the Lo River, and other peculiar places.
China is by all means a cradle of culture, history, science and philosophy, and is rich in many other attractions, places to visit. Do not miss the chance to come closer to the country’s grand riddle.